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10 Bizarre Therapies in Mental Illness Treatment History

image via http://smatterist.com

1. Insulin Shock Therapy

image via https://www.flickr.com/photos/mentalnurse/51294941

image via https://www.flickr.com/photos/mentalnurse/51294941

Insulin Shock therapy was used extensively throughout the 1940s and 50s as a treatment for Schizophrenia. The practice involved injecting insulin into patients to induce coma. This was done multiple times until symptoms appeared to go into remission. It was first introduced by Manfred Sakel, an Austrian-American psychiatrist who began using the treatment in low sub-coma doses to treat drug addicts and psychopaths. With Schizophrenics, heavier doses were administered 6 days a week over the course of 2 months to 2 years. Dosages were increased gradually up to 100-450 units and clinics that used the treatment employed their own protocols as there were no standardized guidelines in place. Complications caused by treatment included hypoglycemia, convulsions, restlessness, brain damage, obesity and death. By the 1970s, the use of Insulin Shock therapy had fallen out of vogue after it was debunked as ineffective and too dangerous.

 

sources:

Link: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/nash/filmmore/ps_ict.html

Link: http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/articles/283/the-history-of-mental-illness-from-skull-drills-to-happy-pills

Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3640229/

Link: https://books.google.com/books?id=9EYuAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA121&lpg=PA121&dq=trephination+bone+replacement&source=bl&ots=Jdy0bA24Dr&sig=62_BijYIBKKQbymZ-UM1134un0w&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjNqcjX9-fRAhUC4CYKHYGWAEEQ6AEINTAE#v=onepage&q=trephination%20bone%20replacement&f=false

Link: https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/10/the-tragic-sadistic-mental-illness-treatment-from-the-knick-is-real/381751/

Link: http://www.fairfieldstatehospital.com/metrazol.html

Link: https://www.lib.uwo.ca/archives/virtualexhibits/londonasylum/hydrotherapy.html

Link: https://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2011/02/17/the-birth-of-the-mental-asylum/

https://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2011/05/09/psychologys-history-of-being-mesmerized/

Link: https://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2011/03/21/the-surprising-history-of-the-lobotomy/

Link: http://www.everydayhealth.com/pictures/worst-mental-health-treatments-history/#03

Link: https://www.improbable.com/airchives/paperair/volume20/v20i3/centrifuging%20mental%20patients.pdf

Link: https://bashny.net/t/en/260586

Link: http://www.cbsnews.com/pictures/19th-and-20th-century-psychiatry-22-rare-photos/21/

Link: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/117/2/e320.full

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