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About Jhoon

Jhoon is a writer and artist who likes to study astrology and psychology. Astroligion.com was launched in 2016 with a focus on astrology but has since expanded to include the MBTI and other topics. This site has provided Jhoon a great incentive to research and learn more about many subjects of personal interest.

article INTP Myers Briggs

6 Reasons Why INTPs Are So Damn Broke

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bohemian intp
[dropcap]T[/dropcap]here is research that has investigated the relationship between intelligence and income and found individuals with higher IQ test scores have higher income. Within the pantheon of Myers Briggs personalities, INTPs are pegged as being the most intellectually inclined. They rate the highest in I.Q. testing, they’re the most conceptual, and they’re analytical as well as highly creative and ingenious. They enjoy complexity and problem solving. Their strengths make them well suited for high paying careers including:

  • Computer Network Architect.
  • Computer Scientist.
  • Computer Programmer.
  • Computer Systems Analyst.
  • Database Administrator.
  • Information Security Analyst.
  • Network Administrator.
  • Software Developer.
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  • article Myers Briggs Psychology

    Personality Traits of Successful Entrepreneurs

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    Among the 16 personality types defined in the Myers Briggs type indicator, 5 of them have been recognized to be highly correlated with success in business and entrepreneurial skillsets. Those types are ENTP, INTJ, ENTJ, ESTJ, ISTJ. These personalities feature the cognitive preferences that are most aligned with traits associated with high achievement and ambition. These types also rank the highest in earned income and each share the Thinking (T) preference. Thinking and judging appear to be the strongest factors involved in executive leadership ability. However, intuition (N) is  associated with the ability to envision possibilities and recognize opportunities which are quintessential traits to all successful entrepreneurs. Continue reading

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  • article list Psychology

    10 Bizarre Therapies in Mental Illness Treatment History

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    image via http://smatterist.com

    Lucky for us, we live in a time where medicine and science have made great strides in the development of effective treatments to diseases that were once fatal. Nowadays, many diseases and disorders are alleviated with pills, injections or ointments. Those that require surgical procedures are carried out with lower risk than ever before.

    In the past however, many of the treatments utilized by medical physicians were almost as harmful as the condition they were meant to cure. These procedures were often highly invasive and ineffective and many patients died as a result of them. Methods in the psychiatric field were particularly bizarre and often exhibited a cruel lack of regard for the mentally ill. Many unfortunate patients were left disfigured or had their personalities irreversibly altered as a result of the procedures undergone and the benefits were often nominal or nil. Here are some bizarre treatments that have been employed to treat mental illness in the past.

    10. Trephination

    via intelligentdental.com

    via intelligentdental.com

    Also known as trepanning, trephination was an ancient practice dating way back as early as the Mesolithic era. It was a procedure whereby a hole was bored into the skull of patients suffering from schizophrenia, epileptic seizures or migraines. It was believed that evil spirits thought to be responsible for abnormal behavior and mental disturbances could be released through the cranial opening. The surgery was achieved using augurs and saws and was likely painful due to the absence of modern anesthesia. The removed portion of bone was replaced shortly after but often healed with some distortion in the skull’s shape and contour.

     

    9. Fever Therapy

    image via wisegeek.com

    image via wisegeek.com

    It sounds counter-intuitive but one doctor found that the best weapon against a malady is another malady. In the late 1800s, fever therapy (also known as pyrotherapy) was all the rage after it successfully alleviated the symptoms of patients suffering from neurosyphilis also known as general paresis of the insane (GPI). The treatment was pioneered by Viennese psychiatrist Julius Wagner-Juaregg who won a Nobel Prize in 1927 for “curing” a patient’s syphilis-caused psychosis by artificially inducing them with fever. The treatment entailed the elevation of the patient’s body temperature by injecting them with malaria-infected blood taken from another person. At that time, blood groups were only recently discovered and little consideration was given to it when transfusing blood between patients. Many doctors began adopting this radical and seemingly effective treatment until Penicillin came along in the mid 1940s. In the 1930s, machines were developed that could reproduce the same thermogenic effects of fever therapy without subjecting patients to undue illness. Alternate forms of pyrotherapy employ the use of hot baths and electric blankets to raise temperature.

     

    8. Rotational Therapy

    image via allday.com

    image via allday.com

    Before Charles Darwin, there was his grandfather Erasmus Darwin. Erasmus was a physician, scientist and philosopher although he was reputedly not very good at any one of those things. He believed that sleep cured illness and therefore saw spinning around as an effective means of inducing therapeutic sleep. His idea was largely dismissed but was later employed by Dr. Benjamin Rush as a treatment for mental illness. Rush, who was one of the original signatories of the U.S. Declaration of Independence, believed that mental illness was a symptom of brain congestion and he held the notion that spinning around would dislodge brain mucous like a centrifuge and produce mental clarity. Of course, all that spinning just left them dizzy, dazed and confused.

     

    7.  Lobotomy

    image via http://www.imhm.org/

    image via http://www.imhm.org/

    The Lobotomy (also known as leucotomy) has been a controversial procedure from it’s very inception due to the disproportion of benefits and drawbacks. The procedure was pioneered by Portuguese neurologist António Egas Moniz who utilized it in the treatment of various psychoses and problematic behaviors. The procedure was conducted by inserting an ice pick through the eye sockets to scrape away portions of the brain’s pre-frontal cortex to disrupt neuro-circuitry associated with unwanted symptoms. While the operation appeared to improve patient’s symptoms, it also came at the expense of their intellect and personality. Some patients died as a result of the operation either due to post-surgery complications or suicide. Others were left a shell of their former selves with severe mental impairments and somatic disabilities such as loss of bowel control. In spite of this, Moniz’s work earned him a Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine  in 1949. In the U.S., nearly 19,000 people have been lobotomized before antipsychotic medication supplanted it.

     

    6. Bloodletting and Purging

    image via history.com

    image via history.com

    Although this treatment gained prominence in the Western world during the 1600s, it actually originated in ancient Greek medicine. The prominent Greek physician Claudius Galen regarded an imbalance of the humors as the source of poor health and physical malady. English physician Thomas Willis later used Galen’s work as a basis for his approach to treating mentally ill patients. He argued that “an internal biochemical relationship was responsible for mental disorders. He believed bleeding, purging, and even vomiting could help correct the humor imbalances and aid in healing physical and mental illness. In addition to mental illness, these treatments were also used to treat various other diseases like diabetes, asthma, cancer, cholera, and smallpox.

    5. Hydrotherapy

    image via www.exposingtruth.com

    image via www.exposingtruth.com

    During the early 20th century, water-based methods became popular in treating mental illness. It was favored due to it’s simplicity and effectiveness in treating patients with insomnia and manic depressive symptoms. Patients were subjected to methods such as cold plunges, being sprayed or hosed down with hot and cold water jets or being confined to prolonged baths that lasted from hours to several days interspersed with periodic bathroom breaks. Clinicians observed the therapeutic effects of varying temperatures on the body and it’s nervous system. It was believed that various properties of water could be used stimulate circulation and improve symptoms accompanying certain diseases.

    4. Mesmerism

    image via http://www.signature-reads.com

    image via http://www.signature-reads.com

    The term “mersmerize” comes from an Austrian physician named Franz Anton Mesmer. Mesmer believed that physical and mental illness were the result of magnetic imbalances in the body. He called these forces “animal magnetism” and was convinced that restoring it’s equilibrium would alleviate health problems. Mesmer administered iron medication to patients and then passed magnets over their body. He found that patients responded positively to his unconventional treatment and later he abandoned using the magnets altogether once he saw that he could achieve the same affects without them. What he did not realize however, was that his patients were only psychologically responding to the power of suggestion and the “belief” that his treatment was working. Mesmer’s methods were dismissed as a quackery by the medical community and he later moved to Paris where he continued to practice his therapy on large groups of people. His work paved the way to the development of hypnotism.

    3. Metrazol Shock Therapy

    image via cvltnation.com

    image via cvltnation.com

    In the 1930s, a pathologist named Ladislas von Meduna observed that patients who experienced epileptic seizures would afterward become calmer. This led him to test and see if the same effect could be achieved in patients suffering from schizophrenia. After experimenting with various drugs such as strychnine and absinthe, the physician eventually found metrazol to be an effective solution. Metrazol stimulated the respiratory and circulatory systems and triggered seizures. Clinical reports indicate that the treatment appeared to improve symptoms in nearly half of patients. However, many also suffered vertebral fractures, myocardial damage and pulmonary tuberculosis as a result of treatment. Researchers later realized the therapy was actually not all that effective and it was barred in 1982 by the FDA. This form of seizure therapy was a precursor to electric shocks and ECT.

    2. Tooth Extractions

    image via http://westmetrodental.com

    image via http://westmetrodental.com

    At the turn of the 20th century, the advancements in medicine generated an enthusiasm that may have led medical professionals to get a bit ahead of themselves. A New Jersey psychiatrist named Henry Cotton developed the idea that mental illnesses of all kinds were the result of untreated infections in other parts of the body. He introduced the practice of “surgical bacteriology” where he proceeded to remove body parts such as teeth, spleens, tonsils, ovaries and other organs believed to harbor infection. Due to the absence of antibiotics, many patients died ironically from post-operative infection. Cotton reported high success rates but it is believed that his results were skewed. In spite of the high fatality outcomes of his operations, he was still largely admired by the public and lauded for his work.

    1. Insulin Shock Therapy

    image via https://www.flickr.com/photos/mentalnurse/51294941

    image via https://www.flickr.com/photos/mentalnurse/51294941

    Insulin Shock therapy was used extensively throughout the 1940s and 50s as a treatment for Schizophrenia. The practice involved injecting insulin into patients to induce coma. This was done multiple times until symptoms appeared to go into remission. It was first introduced by Manfred Sakel, an Austrian-American psychiatrist who began using the treatment in low sub-coma doses to treat drug addicts and psychopaths. With Schizophrenics, heavier doses were administered 6 days a week over the course of 2 months to 2 years. Dosages were increased gradually up to 100-450 units and clinics that used the treatment employed their own protocols as there were no standardized guidelines in place. Complications caused by treatment included hypoglycemia, convulsions, restlessness, brain damage, obesity and death. By the 1970s, the use of Insulin Shock therapy had fallen out of vogue after it was debunked as ineffective and too dangerous.

     

    sources:

    Link: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/nash/filmmore/ps_ict.html

    Link: http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/articles/283/the-history-of-mental-illness-from-skull-drills-to-happy-pills

    Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3640229/

    Link: https://books.google.com/books?id=9EYuAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA121&lpg=PA121&dq=trephination+bone+replacement&source=bl&ots=Jdy0bA24Dr&sig=62_BijYIBKKQbymZ-UM1134un0w&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjNqcjX9-fRAhUC4CYKHYGWAEEQ6AEINTAE#v=onepage&q=trephination%20bone%20replacement&f=false

    Link: https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/10/the-tragic-sadistic-mental-illness-treatment-from-the-knick-is-real/381751/

    Link: http://www.fairfieldstatehospital.com/metrazol.html

    Link: https://www.lib.uwo.ca/archives/virtualexhibits/londonasylum/hydrotherapy.html

    Link: https://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2011/02/17/the-birth-of-the-mental-asylum/

    https://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2011/05/09/psychologys-history-of-being-mesmerized/

    Link: https://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2011/03/21/the-surprising-history-of-the-lobotomy/

    Link: http://www.everydayhealth.com/pictures/worst-mental-health-treatments-history/#03

    Link: https://www.improbable.com/airchives/paperair/volume20/v20i3/centrifuging%20mental%20patients.pdf

    Link: https://bashny.net/t/en/260586

    Link: http://www.cbsnews.com/pictures/19th-and-20th-century-psychiatry-22-rare-photos/21/

    Link: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/117/2/e320.full

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  • article Psychology

    The Evolution of Psychotherapy | Infographic

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    Learn about the evolution of psychotherapy, past methods of addressing mental illness and future development. As you can see there have been many approaches to treating disorders!

    history of psychotherapy infographic

     

    Image source: Best Counseling Degrees

    The Evolution of Psychotherapy

    It all began with…

    – A Hole in the Head: The earliest form of dealing with the mentally ill was TREPANATION
    – Neolithic period to early 20th Century: Since insanity was “caused” by demons lurking inside the skull, boring a hole in the patient’s head could create a door through which the demons could escape. And just like that – out goes the crazy.
    – Ancient Greeks: had their own early cures for mental illness
    – bathing: early for depression
    – bloodletting: for psychosis

    – FACT: Around 400 B.C.: Hysteria Therapy: Blame Greek physician Hippocrates. The root cause, according to him, was a wandering womb. His cures involved finding a way to “calm down” the uterus. Plato believed that the only sure-fire way to solve the problem was to get married and have babies.

    – Middle Ages: A bit less humane treatment
    – torture: for demonic possession

    Meanwhile, until Freud and his school of talk therapy developed, here are EIGHT other odd Cures actually used to cure Mental Illness in the 19th and 20th Centuries:

    – 1628: Dr. Daniel Oxenbridge a London physician, when trying to cure the young wife of a clothier. First he gave her an enema, and then he bled her arms, her feet, and her forehead. After that, “once every three or four days, I either bled her or vomited her strongly.” He then shaved off all the hair on her head to which he “applied the warm lungs of lambs, sheep and young whelps…”
    – 1774: Mesmerism: Austrian physician Franz Mesmer believed the gravity of the moon affected the body’s fluids in much the same way it caused ocean tides, and that some diseases accordingly waxed and waned with the phases of the moon. Mesmer’s solution: placing magnets on certain areas of a patient’s body to counteract the disruptive influence of the moon’s gravity and restore the normal flow of bodily fluids. Today, he’s considered the father of modern hypnosis because of his inadvertent discovery of the power of suggestion, and his name lives on in the English word “mesmerize.”
    – Around the turn of the 19th century, Phrenology: German physician Franz Gall developed phrenology, a practice based on the idea that people’s personalities are depicted in the bumps and depressions of their skulls.
    – 1811: Rotational Therapy: Joseph Cox invented and Charles Darwin’s grandfather Erasmus Darwin, practiced a spinning couch treatment. The idea was that spinning would reduce brain congestion and, in turn cure mental illness.
    – Early 1820s: Hydrotherapy: Developed by Vinzenz Priessnitz. Hyperactive patients got warm, tiring baths, while lethargic patients received stimulating sprays. One treatment involved mummifying the patient in towels soaked in ice-cold water. Another required the patient to remain continuously submerged in a bath for hours even days.
    – 1853: Psychotherapeia is a term first used by Walter Cooper Dendy
    – 1900: Psychotherapy , as we’ve come to know it, is developed by Austrian Sigmund Freud. It becomes a school called psychoanalysis.
    – And Freud begat: Alfred Adler and Carl Jung (both of whom eventually disagreed with some of Freud’s theories and started branches of psychology of their own.
    – 1927: Insulin Coma Therapy: Viennese physician Manfred Sakel in 1927 accidentally gave one of his diabetic patients an insulin overdose, and it sent her into a coma. The woman, a drug addict, woke up and declared her morphine craving gone. Began in the 1930s. 1934: Seizure therapy. Hungarian pathologist Ladislas von Meduna reasoned that giving schizophrenics seizures would make them calmer. Thus was born electroconvulsive therapy.
    – FACT: In order to do this von Meduna tested numerous seizure-inducing drugs (including strychnine, caffeine, and absinthe) before settling on metrazol, a chemical that stimulates the circulatory and respiratory systems.
    – 1930s: Lobotomy: The brainchild of Egas Moniz, a Portuguese doctor. Moniz believed that mental illness was caused by problems in the neurons of the frontal lobe, the part of the brain just behind the forehead. He believed the technique could cure insanity while leaving the rest of the patient’s mental function relatively normal.
    – FACT: Moniz was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1949.
    – FACT: Dr. Walter Freeman took to traveling the country in his “lobotomobile,” performing the technique on everyone from catatonic schizophrenics to disaffected housewives. His road-ready procedure involved inserting a small ice pick into the brain through the eye socket and wiggling it around a bit.
    – 3,459: number of lobotomies Freeman claimed to have performed.
    – 2,500: of those were done using ice picks.
    – As the number of lobotomies increased, a major problem became apparent. The patients weren’t just calm; they were virtual zombies. The treatment soon fell out of favor.
    – 50,000: number of lobotomies performed in U.S. between 1949 and 1952.
    – By the late 1960s: there were over 60 different types of psychotherapies, ranging from psychodrama (using drama techniques) to guided imagery (using mental pictures and stories).

    Famous people who were lobotomized

    – Rosemary Kennedy, sister of JFK Frances Farmer – actress
    – Naomi Ginsberg – mother of poet Allen Ginsberg
    – Rose Williams – sister of playwright Tennessee Williams

    The Swinging Sixties

    – Esalen Institute in Big Sur, Ca. opens, a new humanistic movement begins:
    – Gestalt Therapy
    – Encounter group therapy
    – 1 million people have gone to this mystical retreat, including: Joan Baez, Beatle George Harrison, physicians Dean Ornish and Andrew Weil, writers Henry Miller and Aldous Huxley.
    – FACT: The mega hit Bob, Carol, Ted and Alice satirized wife swapping therapy.

    FIVE GREAT MOVIES Involving Psychotherapy

    – David and Lisa — A film from the 1960’s shows good examples of the benefit of psychotherapy and the difficulties for the severely ill.
    – Don Juan DeMarco (1995) — Johnny Depp plays a man who becomes a psychiatric inpatient treated with only psychotherapy by his psychiatrist (Marlin Brando), who is increasingly pressured by hospital medical superiors to prescribe drug treatment.
    – Equus – (1977) Stars Richard Burton as a psychiatrist trying to understand a young man who blinded horses during a psychotic episode.
    – Frances (1983)– About Frances Farmer–a movie star who ended up having a lobotomy.
    – Three Faces Of Eve – (1957) – A doctor treats a woman suffering from Dissociative Identity Disorder.

    The Future of Psychotherapy

    – Therapy apps for smartphones: may soon make psychological help accessible anytime, anywhere, whether in the grocery store line, on the bus or just before a work presentation.
    – 2011: e-psychiatry becomes more and more acceptable using Skype and online therapy and videoconferencing. Telepsychiatry has been around since the 1990s. cognitive bias modification, or C.B.M.: Many who struggle with anxiety fixate subconsciously on hostile faces in a crowd of people with mostly relaxed expressions, as if they see only the bad apples in a bushel of mostly good ones. Modifying that bias can short-circuiting anxiety.
    – Video Game Therapy: studies indicate that gamers who take control of their dreams experience fewer nightmares, amongst other unexpected events. Related to that…
    – Avatar Therapy: This innovation in psychotherapy combines artificial intelligence and distance technology with elements of traditional psychotherapeutic techniques.
    – SciFi, or reality?: 20 years from now mind-machine interfaces will be available, through creating a brain implant similar to the way cochlear implants improve hearing today.

    Sources

    – http://www.neatorama.com/2007/06/12/10-mind-boggling-psychiatric-treatments/
    – http://psychcentral.com/lib/history-of-psychotherapy/000115
    – http://thelimbicregion.tripod.com/id38.htm
    – http://laingsociety.org/cetera/timeline.htm
    – http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080826174337AAjiAnF
    – http://fritzperls.com/biography/
    – http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5014565
    – http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-an-encounter-group.htm
    – http://www.isps-us.org/isps-us_bibliographies_movies.html
    – http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/25/fashion/therapists-are-seeing-patients-online.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0
    – http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/14/health/feeling-anxious-soon-there-will-be-an-app-for-that.html?_r=2&hpw&
    – http://www.sfgate.com/living/article/Esalen-Institute-turns-50-this-year-3906021.php
    – http://blogs.voanews.com/digital-frontiers/2012/10/02/video-games-the-future-of-psychotherapy/
    – http://thefutureofinnovation.org/contributions/view/893/the_future_of_innovation_the_use_of_avatars_in_psychotherapy
    – http://www.positivefuturist.com/archive/02.html

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  • article Myers Briggs Psychology

    Secret Political MBTI Statistics | Myers Briggs

    Published by:

    1. The first executive rule of Trump Club is: you do not talk about hand size.
    2. The second executive rule of Trump Club is: you DO NOT talk about crowd size!
    3. Third executive rule of Trump Club: if someone yells “racist!”, “misogynist”, or enters the U.S. illegally, they will be deported.
    4. Fourth rule: any member of the Trump cabinet who defies or obstructs the Trump agenda will be promptly fired.

    Like it or not, the Trump administration is here and open for business, making many leftists unhappy – very unhappy in the process. Only weeks into his term, there has already been a handful of drama and tumult surrounding Trump’s activity. From fake news reports like the one of him removing the bust of MLK from the oval office, to virulent protests and riots directly or indirectly connected to him, to Alec Baldwin’s unflattering yet surprisingly good Trump impersonation on SNL, the Donald has been a political pinata for critics to whack unabashedly.




    Among those opposed to him, Meryl Streep and Madonna have joined the anti-Trump bandwagon because you know, it’s very trendy right now. Interestingly, both Madonna and Meryl Streep have been typed as ESTPs – the same as Trump. Yet, they have taken an opposing stance against him. Where’s the loyalty? And is there any significant correlation between Myers Briggs type and political affiliation?

    Granted, although Trump ran and won on the Republican ticket, he is not a typical Republican. In fact, he has been reported to have switched parties 5 times. This demonstrates that at least he is not a fixed-minded person and is able to change his views when necessary. Does that make him a flip-flopping charlatan? A phony? Depends, but in my opinion The Donald simply knows what he wants and goes for it, but is not as Machiavellian as he is often purported to be. Maybe just a tad, but it’s probably a good thing.





    “ESTPs are big-thinking, action-oriented entrepreneurs – bold go-getters who go for what they want with great confidence in themselves. “

    – celebritytypes.com


    I believe it is understood and accepted that even among a group of ESTPs, there will undoubtedly be an amount of psychological diversity. You cannot discount the role of personal experience and other unique variables on the formation of a group of personalities regardless of their shared cognitive preferences. It is probably more like a sliding scale than a binary on/off switch. That said, one might suspect that certain personality types would correlate more highly with the values of one political group over another by virtue of their constituent function stack. Namely, it would be reasonable to expect Sensor types to identify with conservative views and intuitives with liberal ones.

    Below is a table taken from a U.S. sample of 3000 people. It was part of data collected when Consulting Psychologists’ Press revised the MBTI in 1998. Political affiliation and mbti type was among the survey questions.

    Myers Briggs type and political affiliation

    As you can see, from observing the table, there are a few things that stand out:

    • xSTJs and xNTJs identify as Republican the most.
    • Democrat affiliation is lowest among rational types.
    • Democrats are represented highest among “SF” and “NF” types.
    • ESTJs mostly identify as Republican.
    • INTPs followed by ENTPs identify mostly as Independent.

    Defining Conservatism Versus Liberalism

    • CONSERVATIVES – believe in personal responsibility, limited government, free markets, individual liberty, traditional American values and a strong national defense. Believe the role of government should be to provide people the freedom necessary to pursue their own goals. Conservative policies generally emphasize empowerment of the individual to solve problems.
    • LIBERALS – believe in governmental action to achieve equal opportunity and equality for all, and that it is the duty of the State to alleviate social ills and to protect civil liberties and individual and human rights. Believe the role of the government should be to guarantee that no one is in need. Believe that people are basically good. Liberal policies generally emphasize the need for the government to solve people’s problems.



    The MBTI Types and Political Issues

    1. Gun Control 

    • Conservatives believe that individual Americans have a right to defend themselves and their families with guns and that right cannot be taken away by any method short of a Constitutional Amendment. The Second Amendment gives the individual the right to keep and bear arms. Gun control laws do not thwart criminals. You have a right to defend yourself against criminals. More guns mean less crime.
      Relevant function: Extroverted Sensing
      likely in favor by: ISTP, ESTP, ISFP, ESFP
    • Liberals believe by taking arms away from law abiding citizens, they can prevent criminals, who aren’t going to abide by gun control laws, from using guns in the commission of crimes. The Second Amendment gives no individual the right to own a gun, but allows the state to keep a militia (National Guard). Guns kill people. Guns kill children.
      Relevant function: Introverted Intuition
      Likely in favor by: INTJ, INFJ, ENTJ, ENFJ

    2. Affirmative Action

    • Conservatives believe that we should live in a color blind society where every individual is judged on the content of his character and the merits of his/her actions. People should be admitted to schools and hired for jobs based on their ability. It is unfair to use race as a factor in the selection process. Reverse discrimination is not a solution for racism. 
      Relevant function: Introverted Feeling
      Likely in favor by: ISFP, ENFP, INFP, ENFP
    • Liberals believe that it’s okay to discriminate based on race as long as it primarily benefits minority groups. Due to prevalent racism in the past, minorities were deprived of the same education and employment opportunities as whites. We need to make up for that. Support affirmative action based on the belief that America is still a racist society. Minorities still lag behind whites in all statistical measurements of success. Also, the presence of minorities creates diversity.
      Relevant function: Extroverted Feeling
      Likely in favor by: ESFJ, ENFJ, ISFJ, INFJ

    3. Social Welfare

    • Conservatives oppose long-term welfare. We need to provide opportunities to make it possible for poor and low-income workers to become self-reliant. It is far more compassionate and effective to encourage a person to become self-reliant, rather than keeping them dependent on the government for money.
      Relevant function: Extroverted Thinking
      Likely in favor by: ESTJ, ENTJ, ISTJ, INTJ
    • Liberals think that the solution to every problem is another government program. Even when those new programs create new problems, often worse than the ones that were being fixed in the first place, the solution is always….you guessed it, another government program. They support social welfare. They want welfare to provide for the poor. To liberals, conservatives oppose welfare because they are not compassionate toward the poor. We have welfare to bring fairness to American economic life. Without welfare, life below the poverty line would be intolerable.
      Relevant function: Introverted Feeling
      Likely in favor by: ISFP, ENFP, INFP, ENFP



    4. Economy

    • Conservatives are capitalists and believe that entrepreneurs who amass great wealth through their own efforts are good for the country and shouldn’t be punished for being successful. The free market system, competitive capitalism, and private enterprise afford the widest opportunity and the highest standard of living for all. Free markets produce more economic growth, more jobs and higher standards of living than those systems burdened by excessive government regulation.
      Relevant function: Extroverted Intuition, Extroverted Thinking
      Likely in favor by: ENTP, ENFP, ENTJ, ESTJ

     

    • Liberals are socialists who view successful business owners as people who cheated the system somehow or got lucky. That’s why they don’t respect high achievers and see them as little more than piggy banks for their programs. Favor a market system in which government regulates the economy. We need government to protect us against big businesses. Unlike the private sector, the government is motivated by public interest. We need government regulation to level the playing field.
      Relevant function: Introverted Feeling, Introverted Sensing
      Likely in favor by: ISFP, INFP, ISTJ, ISFJ

    5. Abortion

    • Conservatives believe that abortion ends the life of an innocent child and since we believe that infanticide is wrong, we oppose abortion. Human life begins at conception. Abortion is the murder of a human being. Nobody has the right to murder a human being. Support legislation to prohibit partial birth abortions, called the “Partial Birth Abortion Ban” (partial birth abortion – the killing of an unborn baby of at least 20 weeks by pulling it out of the birth canal with forceps, but leaving the head inside. An incision is made in the back of the baby’s neck and the brain tissue is suctioned out. The head is then removed from the uterus.)
      Relevant function: Introverted Sensing
      Likely in favor by: ESTJ, ESFJ, ISTJ, ISFJ
    • Liberals, largely believe that abortion ends the life of an innocent child, but they prefer killing the baby to inconveniencing the mother. A fetus is not a human life. The decision to have an abortion is a personal choice of a woman regarding her own body and the government should stay out of it. Women should be guaranteed the right to a safe and legal abortion, including partial birth abortion. Relevant function: Introverted Thinking
      Likely in favor by: ISTP, ENTP, INTP, ESTP

    6. Government

    • Conservatives, but not necessarily Republicans (which is unfortunate), believe it’s vitally important to the future of the country to reduce the size of government, keep taxes low, balance the budget, and get this country out of debt. Conservatives believe that government, by its very nature, tends to be inefficient, incompetent, wasteful, and power hungry. That’s why we believe that the government that governs least, governs best.
      Relevant function: Extroverted Thinking
      Likely in favor by: ESTJ, ENTJ, ISTJ, INTJ
    • Liberals, and Democrats for that matter, believe in big government, high taxes, and they have never met a new spending program they didn’t like, whether we will have to go into debt to pay for it or not.
      Relevant function: Extroverted Feeling
      Likely in favor by: ESFJ, ENFJ, ISFJ, INFJ

    7. Religion

    • Conservatives believe the phrase “separation of church and state” is not in the Constitution. The First Amendment to the Constitution states “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof…” This prevents the government from establishing a national church. However, it does not prevent God from being acknowledged in schools and government buildings. Oppose the removal of symbols of Christian heritage from public and government spaces. Government should not interfere with religion and religious freedom.
      Relevant function: Introverted Sensing
      Likely in favor by: ESTJ, ESFJ, ISTJ, ISFJ
    • Liberals, most of them anyway, are hostile to Christianity. That’s why, whether you’re talking about a school play at Christmas time, a judge putting the Ten Commandments on the wall of his court, or a store employee saying “Merry Christmas” instead of “Happy Holidays,” liberals are dedicated to driving reminders of Christianity from polite society. They support the separation of church and state. Religious expression has no place in government. Support the removal of all references to God in public and government spaces.
      Relevant function: Introverted Feeling
      Likely in favor by: ISFP, ENFP, INFP, ENFP 

    8. Death Penalty

    • Conservatives believe the death penalty is a punishment that fits the crime; it is neither ‘cruel’ nor ‘unusual’. Executing a murderer is the appropriate punishment for taking an innocent life.
      Relevant function: Introverted Thinking
      Likely in favor by: ISTP, ENTP, INTP, ESTP

    • Liberals believe we should abolish the death penalty. The death penalty is inhumane and is ‘cruel and unusual’ punishment. It does not deter crime. Imprisonment is the appropriate punishment. Every execution risks killing an innocent person.
      Relevant function: Introverted Feeling
      Likely in favor by: ISFP, ENFP, INFP, ENFP 



    9. Education

    • Conservatives advocate for school vouchers to give all parents the right to choose good schools for their children, not just those who can afford private schools. Parents (who pay the taxes that fund the schools) should decide how and where to educate their child.
      Relevant function: Introverted Feeling
      Likely in favor by: ISFP, ENFP, INFP, ENFP
    • Liberals believe School vouchers are untested experiments. We need to focus on more funding for existing public schools -to raise teacher salaries and reduce class size.
      Relevant function: Extroverted Feeling
      Likely in favor by: ESFJ, ENFJ, ISFJ, INFJ

    10. The Environment

    • Conservatives desire clean water, clean air and a clean planet, just like everyone else. However, extreme environmental policies destroy jobs and damage the economy. Changes in global temperatures are natural over long periods of time. So far, science has not shown that humans can affect permanent change to the earth’s temperature. 
      Relevant function: Extroverted Sensing
      likely in favor by: ISTP, ESTP, ISFP, ESFP
    • Liberals believe Conservatives don’t care about protecting the environment. Industrial growth harms the environment. Global warming is caused by an increased production of carbon dioxide. The U.S. is a major contributor to global warming because it produces 25% of the world’s carbon dioxide. The U.S. should enact laws to significantly reduce that amount. 
      Relevant function: Extroverted Thinking
      Likely in favor by: ESTJ, ENTJ, ISTJ, INTJ 

    11. Healthcare

    • Conservatives believe that free healthcare provided by the government (socialized medicine) means that everyone will get the same poor-quality healthcare. The rich will continue to pay for superior healthcare, while all others will receive poor-quality free healthcare from the government. Health care should remain privatized. Support Healthcare Spending Accounts. 
      Relevant function: Extroverted Thinking
      Likely in favor by: ESTJ, ENTJ, ISTJ, INTJ
    • Liberals support universal government-supervised health care. There are millions of Americans who can’t afford health insurance. They are being deprived of a basic right to healthcare.
      Relevant function: Extroverted Feeling
      Likely in favor by: ESFJ, ENFJ, ISFJ, INFJ

    12. Immigration

    • Conservatives support legal immigration at current numbers, but do not support illegal immigration. Government should enforce immigration laws. Oppose President Bush’s amnesty plan for illegal immigrants. Those who break the law by entering the U.S. illegally should not have the same rights as those who obey the law by entering legally. If there were a decrease in cheap, illegal immigrant labor, employers would have to substitute higher priced domestic employees, legal immigrants, or perhaps increase mechanization.
      Relevant function: Extroverted Sensing
      likely in favor by: ISTP, ESTP, ISFP, ESFP
    • Liberals support legal immigration and increasing the number of legal immigrants permitted to enter the U.S. each year. Support blanket amnesty for current illegal immigrants. Believe that regardless of how they came to the U.S., illegal immigrants deserve: – U.S. government financial aid for college tuition. – visas for spouse/children to come to the U.S. Families shouldn’t be separated. Illegal immigrants do the jobs that Americans do not want to do. 
      Relevant function: Extroverted Feeling
      Likely in favor by: ESFJ, ENFJ, ISFJ, INFJ



    13. Same-Sex Marriage

    • Conservatives insist that marriage is between one man and one woman. Opinions differ on support for the creation of a constitutional amendment establishing marriage as the union of one man and one woman. Believe that requiring citizens to sanction same-sex relationships violates moral and religious beliefs of millions of Christians, Jews, Muslims and others who believe marriage is the union of a man and a woman.
      Relevant function: Introverted Sensing
      Likely in favor by: ESTJ, ESFJ, ISTJ, ISFJ
    • Liberals believe marriage should be legal for gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender couples to ensure equal rights for all. All individuals, regardless of their sex, have the right to marry. Believe that prohibiting same-sex citizens from marrying denies them of their civil rights. Opinions differ on whether this issue is equal to civil rights for African Americans. 
      Relevant function: Extroverted Feeling
      Likely in favor by: ESFJ, ENFJ, ISFJ, INFJ

    14. Social Security

    • Conservatives believe the current Social Security system is in serious financial trouble. Changes are necessary because the U.S. will be unable to maintain the current system it in the future. Support proposal to allow a portion of Social Security dollars withheld to be put into an account chosen by the individual, not the government. 
      Relevant function: Introverted Intuition
      Likely in favor by: INTJ, INFJ, ENTJ, ENFJ

     

    • Liberals generally oppose change to the current Social Security system. Opinions vary on whether the current system is in financial trouble. Changing the current system will cause people to lose their Social Security benefits. Support a cap on Social Security payments to the wealthy. 
      Relevant function: Introverted Feeling
      Likely in favor by: ISFP, ENFP, INFP, ENFP 

    15. Taxation

    • Conservatives support lower taxes and a smaller government. Lower taxes create more incentive for people to work, save, invest, and engage in entrepreneurial endeavors. Money is best spent by those who earn it.
      Relevant function: Introverted Thinking
      Likely in favor by: ISTP, ENTP, INTP, ESTP
    • Liberals support higher taxes and a larger government. High taxes enable the government to do good and create jobs. We need high taxes for social welfare programs, to provide for the poor. We can’t afford to cut taxes.
      Relevant function: Extroverted Thinking
      Likely in favor by: ESTJ, ENTJ, ISTJ, INTJ 



     

     

    source: http://townhall.com/columnists/johnhawkins/2007/04/27/10_differences_between_conservatives_and_liberals

    source: http://primohistory.com/Conservative%20vs%20Liberals.pdf

     

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  • article mbti list Myers Briggs

    The Learning Style of Each MBTI Personality

    Published by:

    via deviantart

    INTP 


     INTPs are most comfortable learning when:

     ♠encountering new problems or opportunities from which to learn
     ♠able to stand back from events and listen/observe, e.g. taking a back seat in a meeting, watching a video
     ♠allowed to generate ideas without constraints of policy or structure or feasibility
     ♠ allowed to think before acting, to assimilate before commenting, time to prepare or do background reading
     ♠acquiring knowledge which is part of a system, model, concept, or theory, even when this is not immediately relevant
     ♠given the chance to question and probe the basic methodology, assumptions or logic behind something, e.g. by taking part in a question and answer session
     ♠listening to or reading about ideas and concepts that emphasize rationality or logic and are well argued
     ♠analyzing and then generalizing the reasons for success or failure

    INTP’s are least comfortable when:

     ♠asked to repeat essentially the same activity over and over again
     ♠given precise instructions to follow with little room for maneuver
     ♠asked to attend to detail and tie up loose ends
     ♠‘forced’ into the limelight, e.g. to act as leader/chairman, to role-play in front of onlookers;
     ♠given precise and specific instructions of how things should be done
     ♠asked to do something without a context or apparent purpose or to participate in situations emphasizing emotions and feelings
     ♠faced with a lot of alternative techniques without any being explored in depth
     ♠there is more focus on facts and figures than intellectual exploration




    INTJ


    INTJs are most comfortable learning when:

     ♠experiencing new problems or opportunities from which to learn
     ♠able to stand back from events and listen/observe, e.g. observing a group at work, taking a back seat in a meeting, watching a video
     ♠allowed to think before acting, to assimilate before commenting, allowed time to prepare or do background reading
     ♠acquiring knowledge which is part of a system, model, concept, theory
     ♠given the chance to question and probe the basic methodology, assumptions or logic behind something, e.g. by taking part in a question and answer session
     ♠intellectually stretched, i.e. by analyzing a complex situation, being tested in a tutorial session, by being with high caliber people who ask searching questions
     ♠finding themselves in structured situations with a clear purpose
     ♠listening to or reading about ideas and concepts that emphasize rationality or logic and are well argued
     ♠analyzing and then generalizing the reasons for success or failure
     ♠offered interesting ideas and concepts even though they are not immediately relevant
     ♠required to understand and participate in complex situations.
     ♠concentrating on important issues by drawing up action plans

    INTJ’s are least comfortable when:

     ♠asked to repeat essentially the same activity over and over again
     ♠given precise instructions to follow with little room for maneuver
     ♠asked to attend to detail and tie up loose ends
     ♠involved in situations which require action without planning
     ♠asked to do something without a context or apparent purpose and to participate in situations emphasizing emotions and feelings
     ♠involved in unstructured activities where ambiguity and uncertainty are high, e.g. with open-ended problems
     ♠faced with a lot of alternative techniques without any being explored in depth




    ENTP


    ENTPs are most comfortable learning when:

     ♠experiencing new problems/opportunities from which to learn
     ♠stepping into the limelight or positions of high visibility, e.g. chairing meetings, leading discussions, giving presentations
     ♠engaged in a wide variety of diverse activities
     ♠involved with other people, e.g. discussing ideas, solving problems as part of a team
     ♠acquiring knowledge which is part of a system, model, concept, theory
     ♠given the chance to question and probe the basic methodology, assumptions or logic behind something, e.g. by taking part in a question and answer session, by checking a paper for inconsistencies
     ♠intellectually stretched, e.g. by analyzing a complex situation, by being tested in a tutorial session, by learning with high caliber people who ask searching questions
     ♠listening or reading about ideas and concepts that emphasize rationality or logic and are well argued
     ♠analyzing and then generalizing the reasons for success or failure
     ♠required to understand and participate in complex situations

    ENTP’s are least comfortable when:

     ♠required to engage in solitary work, e.g. reading, writing, thinking on their own
     ♠involved in a passive role, e.g. listening to lectures, explanations, statements of how things should be done, reading, watching
     ♠asked to stand back and not be involved
     ♠asked to repeat essentially the same activity over and over again, e.g. when practicing
     ♠given precise instructions to follow with little room for maneuver
     ♠required to attend to detail or tie up loose ends
     ♠asked to participate in situations emphasizing emotions and feelings




    ENTJ


    ENTJs are most comfortable learning when:

     ♠experiencing new problems or opportunities from which to learn
     ♠catching the limelight, e.g. when chairing meetings, leading discussions, giving presentations
     ♠involved with other people e.g. discussing ideas, solving problems as part of a team
     ♠acquiring knowledge which is part of a system, model, concept, theory
     ♠given the chance to question and probe the basic methodology, assumptions or logic behind something, e.g. by taking part in a question and answer session, by checking a paper for inconsistencies
     ♠intellectually stretched, e.g. by analyzing a complex situation, by being tested in a tutorial session, by learning with high caliber people who ask searching questions
     ♠placed in structured situations with a clear purpose
     ♠listening or reading about ideas and concepts that emphasize rationality or logic and are well argued
     ♠analyzing and then generalizing the reasons for success or failure
     ♠required to understand and participate in complex situations

    ENTJs are least comfortable when:

     ♠required to engage in solitary work, e.g. reading, writing, thinking on their own
     ♠they are given precise instructions to follow with little room for maneuver
     ♠asked to do a thorough job, e.g. to attend to detail, tie up loose ends
     ♠given precise and specific instructions of how things should be done
     ♠asked to do something without a context or apparent purpose and they have to participate in situations emphasizing emotions and feelings
     ♠asked to act or decide without a basis in policy, principle or concept
     ♠faced with a lot of alternative techniques without any being explored in depth
     ♠However, engaging in learning activities that contain some of the above is often of greater benefit in terms of their overall development, as discussed earlier.




    INFP


    INFPs are most comfortable learning when:

     ♠experiencing new problems or learning opportunities
     ♠allowed to generate ideas without constraints of policy or structure or feasibility
     ♠required to engage in solitary work, e.g. reading, writing, thinking
     ♠allowed or encouraged to watch/think/check over activities
     ♠able to stand back from events and listen and observe, e.g. observing a group at work, taking a back seat in a meeting, watching a video
     ♠allowed to think before acting or to assimilate before commenting
     ♠given time to prepare, or read in advance
     ♠allowed to reach a decision in their own time without pressure and tight deadlines
     ♠acquiring knowledge that is part of a system, model, concept, theory
     ♠offered interesting ideas and concepts even though these are not immediately relevant

    INFPs are least comfortable when:

     ♠forced into the limelight, e.g. to act as leader or to role-play in front of onlookers
     ♠involved in situations which require action without planning
     ♠given instructions about how things should be done, with little room for maneuver
     ♠asked to repeat essentially the same activity over and over again, e.g. when practicing a task
     ♠asked to attend to detail or tie up loose ends
     ♠faced with a lot of alternative techniques without any being explored in depth




    INFJ


    INFJs are most comfortable learning when:

     ♠reading, reflecting, exchanging ideas and linking them to their existing knowledge
     ♠allowed to generate ideas without constraints
     ♠involved with other people e.g. discussing ideas, solving problems as part of a team, feeling it is appropriate to ‘have a go’
     ♠able to stand back from events and listen/observe, e.g. observing a group at work, taking a back seat in a meeting, reflecting on what they have learnt
     ♠allowed to think before acting, to assimilate before commenting, or given time to prepare or to do background reading
     ♠given the chance to question and probe the basic methodology, assumptions or logic behind an idea
     ♠in structured situations with a clear purpose
     ♠asked to assess beforehand what they will learn from a project, and to appraise afterwards what they have learned

    INFJs are least comfortable when:

     ♠asked to repeat essentially the same activity over and over again, e.g. when practicing a task
     ♠having to carry out painstaking research, e.g. investigating, assembling information, probing to get to the bottom of things, or when asked to produce carefully considered analyses and reports
     ♠‘forced’ into the limelight, e.g. to act as leader or chairman
     ♠having to stick to precise and specific instructions about how things should be done
     ♠asked to act or decide without a basis in policy, principle or concept
     ♠the focus is on analysis, detail or facts and figures




    ENFP


    ENFPs are most comfortable learning when:

     ♠experiencing new problems or learning opportunities
     ♠there are a wide range of diverse activities
     ♠asked to be in the limelight or positions of high visibility
     ♠allowed to generate ideas without constraints of policy or structure or feasibility
     ♠involved with other people, e.g. discussing ideas, solving problems as part of a team
     ♠when acquiring knowledge which is part of a system, model, concept, theory
     ♠they can question and probe the basic methodology, assumptions or logic behind something, e.g. by taking part in a question and answer session
     ♠offered interesting ideas and concepts even though they are not immediately relevant
     ♠shown techniques for personal improvement, such as how to make a good first impression, how to deal with awkward people

    ENFPs are least comfortable when:

     ♠involved in a passive role, e.g. listening to lectures, monologues, explanations, statements of how things should be done, reading, watching
     ♠asked to stand back and not be involved
     ♠required to engage in solitary work, e.g. reading, writing, thinking on their own
     ♠asked to repeat essentially the same activity over and over again, e.g. when practicing tasks
     ♠they are given precise instructions to follow with little room for maneuver
     ♠required to focus on detail or tie up loose ends




    ENFJ


     ENFJs are most comfortable learning when:

     ♠tackling new problems/opportunities from which to learn
     ♠experiencing excitement/drama/crisis and a range of diverse activities to tackle
     ♠being in the limelight e.g. they can ‘chair’ meetings, lead discussions, give presentations etc.
     ♠allowed to generate ideas without constraints of policy or structure or feasibility
     ♠involved with other people, e.g. discussing ideas, solving problems as part of a team
     ♠allowed or encouraged to watch/think/check over activities;
     ♠acquiring knowledge which is part of a system, model, concept, theory
     ♠in structured situations with a clear purpose

    ENFJs are least comfortable when:

     ♠they can’t see sufficient reward from the learning activity, e.g. harmonization, shorter meetings, standardization, greater efficiency.
     ♠involved in a passive role, e.g. listening to lectures, monologues, explanations, statements of how things should be done, reading, watching
     ♠asked to stand back and not be involved
     ♠required to assimilate, analyse and interpret lots of data
     ♠required to engage in solitary work, e.g. reading, writing, thinking on their own
     ♠asked to repeat essentially the same activity over and over again, e.g. when practicing tasks
     ♠they have precise instructions to follow with little room for maneuver
     ♠asked to attend to detail, tie up loose ends, focus on the task in hand




    ISFJ


     ISFJs are most comfortable learning when:

     ♠engrossed in short ‘here and now’ activities such as competitive teamwork tasks, role-playing exercises
     ♠standing back from events as observers, e.g. taking a back seat in a meeting, watching a group at work, a video or presentation
     ♠allowed to think before acting, to assimilate before commenting
     ♠finding themselves in structured situations with a clear purpose
     ♠shown techniques which achieve obvious practical benefits, i.e. in time, making a good first impression, dealing with awkward people
     ♠they can try out and practice techniques with coaching and feedback
     ♠exposed to a model they can copy, e.g. a respected boss or an expert with a proven track record

    ISFJs are least comfortable when:

     ♠forced into the limelight, e.g. to act as leader, to role-play in front of onlookers
     ♠involved in situations which require action without planning
     ♠asked to do something without warning, e.g. to produce an instant reaction
     ♠involved in unstructured activities where there is ambiguity and uncertainty
     ♠the learning is abstract and theoretical and not related to an immediate need or practical benefit
     ♠there is no practice or clear guidelines on how to do something
     ♠they feel that people are going round in circles and not getting anywhere fast enough
     ♠expected to act without clear guidelines or opportunities for planning or practice
     ♠they can’t see sufficient reward from the learning activity, e.g. shorter meetings, standardization, greater efficiency
     ♠faced with a lot of alternative or contradictory techniques and methods without any being explored in depth.




    ISTJ


     ISTJs are most comfortable learning when:

     ♠engrossed in short ‘here and now’ activities such as business games, competitive teamwork tasks, role-playing exercises
     ♠able to stand back from events and listen/observe, e.g. observing a group at work, taking a back seat in a meeting
     ♠allowed to think before acting, assimilate before commenting, to prepare in advance
     ♠carrying out painstaking research
     ♠given the opportunity to review what they have learnt
     ♠asked to produce carefully considered analyses and reports
     ♠finding themselves in structured situations with a clear purpose
     ♠presented with ideas and concepts that emphasize rationality or logic, and are well argued
     ♠when concentrating on, or being shown techniques for doing things with obvious practical advantages e.g. saving time, drawing up action plans, dealing with awkward people
     ♠given the chance to try out and practice techniques with coaching/feedback from a credible expert
     ♠exposed to a model they can copy, e.g. a respected boss, a demonstration from someone with a proven track record
     ♠given immediate opportunities to implement what they have learned

    ISTJ’s are least comfortable when:

     ♠the learning is abstract and theoretical and or practical benefit
     ♠expected to act without clear guidelines or opportunities for planning or practice there is no practice or clear guidelines
     ♠there are political, managerial or personal obstacles to implementation
     ♠asked to do something without warning, e.g. to produce an instant reaction
     ♠obliged to participate in situations with a strong emotional or interpersonal content
     ♠involved in unstructured activities where there is ambiguity and uncertainty




    ESFJ


     ESFJs are most comfortable learning when:

     ♠engrossed in short ‘here and now’ activities such as competitive teamwork tasks, role-playing exercises
     ♠they are in the limelight or a position of high visibility e.g. they can ‘chair’ meetings, lead discussions, give presentations
     ♠involved with other people e.g. discussing ideas, solving problems as part of a team
     ♠there is an obvious link between the subject matter and a problem or opportunity on the job
     ♠shown techniques which achieve obvious practical benefits, e.g. in saving time, making a good first impression, dealing with awkward people
     ♠they can try out and practise techniques with coaching and feedback
     ♠exposed to a model they can copy, e.g. a respected boss or an expert with a proven track record

    ESFJ’s are least comfortable when:

     ♠involved in a passive role, e.g. listening to lectures, , explanations, statements of how things should be done, reading, watching
     ♠required to assimilate, analyse and interpret lots of data
     ♠required to engage in solitary work, e.g. reading, writing, thinking on their own
     ♠the learning is abstract and theoretical and not related to an immediate need or practical benefit
     ♠expected to act without clear guidelines or opportunities for planning or practice
     ♠they can’t see sufficient benefit from the learning activity, i.e., shorter meetings, standardisation, greater efficiency.




    ESTJ


     ESTJs are most comfortable learning when:

     ♠engrossed in short ‘here and now’ activities such as business games, competitive teamwork tasks, role-playing exercises
     ♠stepping into the limelight or positions of high visibility, e.g. chairing meetings, leading discussions, giving presentations
     ♠involved with other people e.g. discussing ideas, solving problems as part of a team
     ♠finding themselves in structured situations with a clear purpose
     ♠shown techniques which achieve obvious practical benefits, e.g. in saving time, making a good first impression, dealing with awkward people
     ♠they can try out and practice techniques with coaching and feedback
     ♠exposed to a model they can copy, e.g. a respected boss or an expert with a proven track record
     ♠given immediate opportunities to implement what they have learned

    ESTJ’s are least comfortable when:

     ♠involved in a passive role, e.g. listening to lectures, explanations, statements of how things should be done, reading, watching
     ♠required to assimilate, analyse and interpret lots of data
     ♠required to engage in solitary work, e.g. reading, writing, thinking on their own
     ♠the learning is abstract and theoretical and not related to an immediate need or a practical benefit
     ♠the organizers of the learning, or the event itself, seem distant from reality, all theory and general principles
     ♠expected to act without clear guidelines or opportunities for planning or practice
     ♠they can’t see sufficient benefit from the learning activity, i.e. shorter meetings, standardization, greater efficiency




    ISFP


    ISFPs are most comfortable learning when:

     ♠engrossed in short ‘here and now’ activities such as competitive teamwork tasks
     ♠engaged in a wide range of diverse activities
     ♠allowed or encouraged to watch/think/check over activities
     ♠able to stand back from events and listen or observe
     ♠allowed to think before acting, to assimilate before commenting, e.g. time to prepare, a chance to read in advance a brief giving background data
     ♠they can reach a decision in their own time without pressure and tight deadlines
     ♠there is an obvious link between the subject matter and a problem or opportunity on the job
     ♠shown techniques for doing things with obvious practical advantages e.g. how to save time, how to make a good first impression, how to deal with awkward people
     ♠they can try out and practice techniques with coaching and feedback
     ♠given techniques currently applicable to their own jobs
     ♠given immediate opportunities to implement what they have learned
     ♠they can concentrate on practical issues, e.g. drawing up action plans with an obvious end product, suggesting short cuts, giving tips

    ISFPs are least comfortable when:

     ♠the learning is not related to an immediate need they recognize or they cannot see an immediate relevance or practical benefit
     ♠the organizers of the learning, or the event itself, seem distant from reality, all theory and general principles
     ♠there is no practice or no clear guidelines on how to do something
     ♠forced into the limelight, e.g. to act as leader/chairman, or to role-play in front of on-lookers




    ISTP


     ISTPs are most comfortable learning when:

     ♠set problems to solve and can engross themselves in the subject
     ♠there are a range of diverse activities
     ♠allowed to generate ideas without constraints of policy or structure or feasibility
     ♠able to stand back from events and listen or observe
     ♠allowed to think before acting or assimilate before commenting
     ♠they can carry out research, i.e. investigate, assemble information, probe to get to the bottom of things
     ♠they have the opportunity to review what has happened or what they have learned, i.e. are asked to produce carefully considered analyses and reports
     ♠there is an obvious link between the subject matter and a problem or opportunity on the job
     ♠they have the chance to try out and practise techniques with coaching or feedback from a credible expert
     ♠given techniques currently applicable to their own jobs
     ♠given immediate opportunities to implement what they have learned

    ISTP’s are least comfortable when:

     ♠the learning is not related to an immediate need they recognize or can see, or there appears to be no immediate relevance or practical benefit
     ♠the organizers of the learning, or the event itself, seem distant from reality, all theory and general principles
     ♠there is no practice or clear guidelines on how to do something
     ♠they feel that people are going round in circles, engaging in pointless discussion and not getting anywhere fast enough
     ♠there are political, managerial or personal obstacles to implementation
     ♠they can’t see sufficient reward from the learning activity, e.g. harmonization, shorter meetings, standardization, greater efficiency.
     ♠asked to attend to detail, tie up loose ends, focus on the task in hand




    ESFP


    ESFPs are most comfortable learning when:

     ♠experiencing new problems or opportunities from which to learn
     ♠engrossing themselves in short ‘here and now’ activities such as business games, competitive teamwork tasks, role-playing exercises
     ♠experiencing excitement/drama/crisis and a range of diverse activities to tackle
     ♠they are in the limelight or a position of high visibility, e.g. chairing meetings, leading discussions, giving presentations
     ♠allowed to generate ideas without constraints of policy or structure or feasibility
     ♠involved with other people, e.g. discussing ideas, solving problems as part of a team
     ♠shown techniques for doing things with obvious practical advantages e.g. how to save time, how to make a good first impression, how to deal with awkward people
     ♠they can try out and practice techniques with coaching and feedback
     ♠given techniques currently applicable to their own jobs
     ♠given immediate opportunities to implement what they have learned

    ESFP’s are least comfortable when:

     ♠in a passive role, e.g. listening to lectures, , explanations, statements of how things should be done, reading, watching
     ♠asked to stand back and not be involved
     ♠required to engage in solitary work, e.g. reading, writing, thinking on their own
     ♠faced with a lot of theory, analysis or abstract thinking
     ♠the learning is not related to an immediate need or a practical benefit
     ♠expected to act without clear guidelines or opportunities for planning or practice




    ESTP


    ESTPs are most comfortable learning when:

     ♠set problems to solve
     ♠engrossed in short ‘here and now’ activities such as business games, competitive teamwork tasks, role-playing exercises
     ♠there is excitement, drama, crisis or a range of diverse activities to tackle
     ♠stepping into the limelight or positions of high visibility, e.g. chairing meetings, leading discussions, giving presentations
     ♠involved with other people e.g. discussing ideas, solving problems as part of a team
     ♠listening to or reading about ideas and concepts that emphasize rationality or logic and are well argued
     ♠shown techniques which achieve obvious practical benefits e.g. in saving time, making a good first impression, dealing with awkward people
     ♠trying out or practicing techniques with coaching or feedback
     ♠given immediate opportunities to implement what they have learned

    ESTP’s are least comfortable when:

     ♠the learning is abstract and theoretical and not related to an immediate need or practical benefit
     ♠expected to act without clear guidelines or opportunities for planning or practice
     ♠there is no practice or clear guidelines on how to do something
     ♠they can’t see sufficient reward from the learning activity, e.g. shorter meetings, standardization, greater efficiency.
     ♠required to engage in solitary work, e.g. reading, writing, thinking on their own or having to participate in situations emphasizing emotions and feelings.
     ♠asked to attend to detail, tie up loose ends, focus on the task in hand




    source: http://www.teachersrock.net/index.htm

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  • article Strange

    5 Super Short Stories To Creep You Out

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    My New Doggie!

    by Ratfink333

    I went to the animal shelter a couple weeks ago and adopted a beautiful young golden retriever. He’s the smartest dog I’ve ever met. Within days, he knew “sit,” “stay,” and “roll over.” I even taught him the old trick where you make a gun with your hand and say “bang,” and he rolls onto his back and plays dead. The problem is, dogs are much better with hand signals than voice cues, so now, as soon as I make a finger gun, he rolls over onto his back and eagerly looks at me for his treat.

    I’m sitting on the couch watching a movie in the dark and my puppy is on the hardwood floor in front of me, chewing on his new toy. He looks up towards me, pauses, then rolls onto his back, his tongue out and begging for a treat. I realize he’s looking over my head, beyond the couch. The floor behind me creaks.

    Mister Nobody

    By IPostAtMidnight

    Everyone knew Cassie. She was a friendly child, sure, but I think the neighborhood knew her because she knew us. She was the reason our block felt like a family.

    “Girl’s got second sight,” Alletta Johnson would proclaim from her window perch.

    I’ve never believed in such things, but I’ll admit Cassie had a gift. To her, Alletta Johnson was “Miss Grandma,” while the girl who drove the ice cream truck was “Miss Dog Doctor.” Our mailman was “Mister Painter.” She played hopscotch and jump-rope with kids she’d dubbed “Singer,” “Teacher,” and “Fireman.”

    I asked her about all the nicknames once, and from what I could understand they came from how she saw people—as potential. She didn’t exactly see our futures, she just saw us at our ideal.

    “Everybody glows, Mister Writer,” she told me. “Everybody’s good.”

    I’d never told anyone I wanted to write. It was a secret dream, not one I’d let myself take seriously. Yet somehow, she saw it in me. That’s how she saw all of us.

    One afternoon I was cooling off on my front stoop when she skipped down the sidewalk with a stranger at her side. She had obviously enchanted him, just like everyone else. We smiled and waved, and as they passed I asked, “Who’s your friend, Cassie?”

    She paused, tilting her head in confusion before exclaiming, “Oh! You’re being writery, Mister Writer!”

    I should’ve paid more attention as she laughed and twirled off down the street, followed by the stranger. I should’ve realized.

    Cassie always saw the good in people.

    Cassie could only see the good in people.

    But not everybody is good.

    What they don’t tell you about the dead

    by Crimsai

    I don’t want to sound mean, but the dead are pretty clueless. I’ve always seen them. When I was younger everyone thought I was just talking to imaginary friends. After a couple years, when I overheard my parents talk about calling a psychologist, I realised what I was talking to. See, ghosts don’t tend to realise they’re dead, and they don’t look like in the movies, they look just like us.

    I’m pretty smart for a 13 year old, so I started noticing certain patterns to tell them apart from the living. They could be a bit distant from living people, or you’d see them try to talk to people who wouldn’t even notice them. Some of them could tell I was different, that I noticed them. Like this guy I saw after school yesterday. I’m a big boy now, see, I don’t need my parents to pick me up, home is just a short walk away. He was standing away from the other parents, didn’t talk to them, just stared at me, that’s how I knew he was one of the ghosts. I went over, told him I knew what he was and asked how I could help him. I don’t remember much after that, I think because of what happened this morning.

    Downstairs, my parents were crying. I tried talking to them but they ignored me. They must have died last night somehow, sometimes the new ghosts wouldn’t talk to me. Some police officers and reporters just arrived, they won’t talk to me either, just my parents. It’s weird, I’ve never seen so many ghosts together before. Why won’t anyone talk to me?

    Behind Closed Doors

    by Lillpi

    The neighbor was a weird man, he was reclusive and never really spoke to anyone. Tom liked to scare me by saying he must be a murderer, that he always kept to himself so people wouldn’t catch on. I didn’t like the jokes and would tell him off, the neighbor was probably just shy. Although I got mad at the jokes I had to admit, the neighbor did make me uncomfortable. Tom worked a mix of day and night shifts, tonight happened to be one of his night shifts, I don’t like the idea of being home alone at night, everything seems more sinister but I tend to shake these feelings by watching some TV and going to bed.

    I was jolted awake by a loud noise, maybe Tom had come home? I looked at my clock and saw it was 2:30 in the morning. Panic rose, my mind was racing and I didn’t know what to think, there was only two facts that kept repeating in my mind; Tom didn’t finish work till 6 and that noise came from inside the house. I quickly looked out the second storey bedroom window to the drive way below in case he did come back early, his car wasn’t there but what I saw made my blood run cold, it was my neighbor breaking into my house. I grabbed my phone and called the police. I waited in my room, too scared to go downstairs and prayed the police would come in time. They did, they caught him.

    I was still in my bedroom, watching from my window as they took him to the car, he was struggling and screaming, he really was a mad man. “You don’t understand!” He yelled ” I saw someone else go in the house!” as my brain was processing his meaning I heard my bedroom door shut behind me.

    The President is Human

    by OsoBrazos

    Philip started the video clip as soon as Rose closed the door to the editing bay. Charlie Clark, the newly elected President’s head speech writer moved on screen. He was familiar to the small group in the sound-proof room; he had worked at their news station for three years before taking his current position in November of 2016. He was dressed nicely and spoke eloquently enough, but his hands betrayed his nerves. He kept running fingers through his hair, straightening his tie, and sipping water.

    “…and, unlike the President, I can say whatever I want,” Charlie quipped onscreen to the laughter of the assembled journalists. “But seriously, the goal of a speech writer is not to tell the President how he feels – we are not in danger of running the world accidentally – it’s to put the President’s feelings, the feelings he was elected to have, into the perfect words.

    “Say the President is fuming over a human rights violation. The President is human, he’s allowed to be angry. In fact, he’s so angry his commendable diction slips. It’s my job to craft a statement that encapsulates the President’s anger – is the verbal embodiment of his sense of injustice – so he can deliver that to the world.”

    Philip stopped the video and spoke. “As the Secret Service led us away from this conference, one of them pressed a paper into my hand. It was a code Charlie and I used as war correspondents in Afghanistan. It says the phrases made when he touched his tie were false.”

    Philip played those segments. “I can say whatever I want.” “We are not in danger.” “The President is human.”

    source: reddit.com

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  • article Myers Briggs

    Why Your Myers Briggs Type Is Attractive

    Published by:

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    via deviantart

    “Rose” by Mishkina

    ENTJ: you are usually perceived as confident in your thoughts and actions, you know what you’re doing and go into it without questioning, you’re calculated, and usually quite charismatic.

    INTJ: You’re meticulous and observant, you work hard and play harder and people love that mystery of your very detached presence, something about you is both fully present and other worldly.

    ENTP: You’re witty, charismatic, and novel. You’re like a flame and people are drawn to you. You have a sharp and piercing humor that is so magnetizing. You know how to persuade and are usually very smooth.

    INTP: you’re lowkey, dreamy and so interesting. Something about your independence and aloofness is so interesting and people want to know the way you’re thinking, or what you’re thinking about at all.

    ENFP: You radiate positivity, charm and electricity, your youthful need for adventure and possibility are contagious and you are so magnetic and sensational because of it.

    INFP: You feel so deeply and ardently, you get swept into a dream world that others only wish they can touch. You’re full of romance, and saccharine that so many people feel drawn to your vulnerability.

    ENFJ: You’re a warm, and uplifting spirit. Like the sun, you radiate certainty in yourself and something about your devotion to those you love is so incredibly attractive, you can’t be missed.

    INFJ: You have a natural refinement and elegance to you, you have a beautiful presence of peace and wisdom and mystery. People want to know what you know, they want to get into your head.

    ESTJ: You have a commanding presence, something strong and secure and people wish they could handle anything thrown at them the may you do, you’re in control, and it’s hard to miss you with all that confidence.

    ISTJ: You have a natural rhythm and go with your own flow, it’s insanely intoxicating. You have an air of structure and intensity, you’re willpower is undeniable, and your thoughts are like wildfire.

    ESFJ: You are warmth, and generosity, something about your need for beauty and harmony is beyond desirable. You create a haven of light and love and are so sensual it’s beyond sexy.

    ISFJ: Your discreet charm, and smitten smile is beyond attractive, you are tender hearted, but have this hidden strength that others can feel. They love your shelter and you radiate this intense love of sensuality.

    ESTP: You ooze tactile, and touch, something about your very down to earth and hands on persona is so tantalizing, you’re so full of passion and willpower, it’s hard not to find you sexy at all.

    ISTP: Enigmatic, Aloof, brooding, with a low-key childlike humor is very intriguing you’re hard to miss, and something about your handiwork is beyond magnetizing, You’re an old soul and child in one.

    ESFP: You are radiant, glowing with excitement and vivacity. Your inner strength and pure willpower are unbelievably attractive and admirable, you have this earthy, “I know what I’m doing” vibe.

    ISFP: Your shyness hides this intense need for physical action and connection. Your independence and ethereal mystery create this atmosphere of depth and raw love of pleasure. You breathe sex appeal.

    source: https://ifunny.co/tags/mbti

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  • article Astrology

    If the signs were superheroes/villains, what would their powers be?

    Published by:

    fjackets.com
    fjackets.com

    via fjackets.com

    Aries

    Hero: Bullet time. You can slow down time in order to fight at an incredible speed, making it impossible to hit or shoot you.

    Villain: Invulnerability. You are impervious to any harm, requiring extreme measures in order to hurt you.

    Taurus

    Hero: Atmokinesis. You can control the weather, allowing you to control many aspects of nature itself.

    Villain: Seismic power. You have the ability to create seismic shocks or earthquakes at will.

    Gemini

    Hero: Intangibility. You have the power to be impossible to perceive by any of the senses.

    Villain: Molecular dissipation. You can make any object vanish into thin air and absorb its energy.

    Cancer

    Hero: Clairvoyance. You have the ability to perceive events that are taking place elsewhere or sense places that are not in view.

    Villain: Summoning. You can call animals, creatures, or otherworldly beings for assistance.

    Leo

    Hero: Danger sense. You are aware of approaching danger before it reveals itself.

    Villain: Probability manipulation. You have the power to alter the outcomes of things that require luck or the occurrence of unusual phenomena.

    Virgo

    Hero: Force fields. You can create transparent or invisible shields as a method of protection.

    Villain: Banishing. You can send a person somewhere else, usually to trap them or keep them away.

    Libra

    Hero: Orbing. You have the ability to teleport from place to place with magical orbs surrounding you.

    Villain: Omnilingualism. You can decipher any known language and learn any being’s language, alien included, through physical touch.

    Scorpio

    Hero: Umbrakinesis. You can mentally repulse photons to create shadow or darkness and move objects via shadow.

    Villain: Possession. You are able to take control of the body and mind of someone else, temporarily leaving your own body for theirs.

    Sagittarius

    Hero: Cross-dimensional travel. You have the ability to travel through any alternate dimensions.

    Villain: Molecular combustion. You are able to speed up molecules, basically in order to blow things up.

    Capricorn

    Hero: Cryokinesis. You can reduce the kinetic energy of atoms in order to lower temperature. This is often used to control, generate, or absorb ice.

    Villain: Grim reaping. You have the ability to kill or mortally wound someone through touch.

    Aquarius

    Hero: Portal creation. You have the power to create wormholes in time and space.

    Villain: Phasing. You have the ability to pass through solid objects.

    Pisces

    Hero: Wishing. You have the ability to wish for anything and that wish comes true.

    Villain: Reality warping. This gives you the ability to change and mold reality itself.

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  • article Psychology

    7 Struggles Of Highly Intelligent People

    Published by:

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    Knowledge is power as the saying goes and it is no secret that highly intelligent people have a leg up on others in their ability to obtain power, money and success. But being smart isn’t always easy and for many bright individuals, all that extra brain power may come at a cost – particularly in the realm of social life, an area in which the average person thrives. Continue reading

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  • article mbti list Myers Briggs

    Love Defined By Each Myers Briggs Type

    Published by:

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    via deviantart

    “Love is in the air”.by Gingershots

    INTJ: Love is being comfortable with someone and being secure in the knowledge that your lives are planned in a similar direction.

    INTP: Love should be perfect, and nothing less. I won’t settle. I want someone to truly show me they love me.

    ENTJ: Love is letting two lives spontaneously collide and letting life happen as you navigate your way through your relationship and your individual lives.

    ENTP: Love is the feeling of knowing you’re truly accepted and fully understood.

    INFJ: I will fall in love when I can find someone who is equal to me in both passion and intellect.

    INFP: I can only be open with the people I love, if I can express myself openly with someone, I know I love them. I only ask to be understood and accepted in return.

    ENFJ: I want someone who will admire me and tell me they think I’m great and I can grab their butt if they say it’s okay so that’s really cool.

    ENFP: It’s rare that I fall in love, but when I am in love with someone I give them my entire world. I feel what they feel. I would do anything to make them feel special.

    ISTJ: Love is the best way to feel secure in your old age and to create a secure family unit someday.

    ISFJ: If someone loves me, they will be interested in the people in my life, and will want to know about every aspect of me.

    ESTJ: If someone loves me enough, they will pay attention to me as much as I want, and they will prioritize my needs.

    ESFJ: I can’t give anyone enough trust to love them unless they perform a romantic gesture for me so that everyone knows they’re dedicated to me.

    ISTP: Love can happen spontaneously, but it takes a lot of work and dedication to make it stay sweet. If I fall in love, I will stay in love even if it turns sour.

    ISFP: Love is like a work of art, it is constantly changing, growing, creating itself between two people, like a living organism. Love is dangerous but it’s not worth living without.

    ESTP: I just want someone who can keep up with my lifestyle with the same amount of energy as me 🙂

    ESFP: I require a lot of space to live as an individual in order to not feel smothered in a relationship.

    source: tumblr

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  • article Myers Briggs

    Horoscopes For Each Myers Briggs Type

    Published by:

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    via deviantart

    “miss neo-america” by Nocturny

    INTP 

    For you, this month will be better than last month but not as good as the month before that. If you are single, someone special may enter your life but you will soon run them away with your weird aura. No one gets you. You will find yourself dwelling more than usual on your past mistakes, humiliations and failures as well as the recent fresh ones. You will beat yourself up and feel like slitting your wrists with Hallmark cards. Don’t do it. Hang in there; your depression will dissipate once you discover your newest obsession: analyzing Natalie Portman movies!

    INTJ

    Your patience will be paper thin this month. Normally it is like poster board but now it will be more like tissue paper. In the mean time, try to stay low key and avoid answering the phone. You’re especially paranoid during this period and probably owe the government thousands in back taxes. For now, you will need to retreat to your underground bunker until you can get your shit together. Your cache  of bottled water and Top Ramen may be running low so don’t forget to replenish your stock. Tonight: treat yourself to an invigorating colon cleanse.

    ENTP

    As an ENTP, you are adept at seeing things from other’s perspective. This month, you will want to take this a step further by changing your gender just to understand what it’s like to have boobs or balls. You will soon after change your mind and opt instead to simply cross-dress. A wise alternative. This month, a spirit of entrepreneurship will overtake you. You will be compelled to stop binge-watching Breaking Bad and finally start your own business selling meth door to door. Unfortunately, you will later be robbed at sword point and end up having to turn tricks on the streets to make ends meet.

    ENTJ

    Love is in the air! You’ve had your eye on a special someone for some time and now you need to make your move! Show them how much you care by giving them an erotic pat down! While wearing a TSA uniform of course. Offer to do their taxes, or draw a tasteful nude portrait of them. Even if they are not impressed by your artistic prowess, they will likely be flattered by your effort and passion. Tonight: reward yourself with a hearty bowl of soup.

    INFP

    You normally don’t take any shit from people but this month you may have to take a piece or two. Try to maintain grace under fire and don’t let others get under your skin. It’s important to have a support system so connect with friends and family as well as your pets. Invest in your self development with challenging challenges. Buy a cat and potty train it. See if you can teach it to cook soup for you, or fetch your slippers like a dog would. Dare to be great; set new precedents and secure your place in the annals of history.

    INFJ

    You have a winsome smile thanks to your excellent teeth. This month however, look out: cavities and gingivitis are knocking at your door. Your gummy bear addiction is starting to take it’s toll on your oral welfare and corrective action will need to be taken. Try to curb your enthusiasm for confections and incorporate more sugar free and aspartame-free gum into your diet. Now is the time to branch out and be adventurous. Tonight: experiment with a different brand of shampoo and sprinkle cinnamon on your chest for good luck.

    ENFP

    You love to love, but mainly you like to argue. Personal indecision means you can’t make up your mind about anything, and while in most social situations you are happy going with the flow, your main aim is to find a partner and then to get them home. Once there you abuse them mercilessly, in time driving peaceful people to violence by never agreeing with anything they say, always defending the opposite of what your last point should have been. Eventually others are forced to clarify your angle for you, while you can always blame them for the upset meanwhile.

    ENFJ

    This month you will discover you have an astonishing ability to communicate with animals. You spend many hours looking in the mirror. In fact you like to look at yourself looking in the mirror, because that’s where your two faces come in hugely useful. You adore telling one person one thing and another something else, while doing something totally different altogether, all at the same time. You pretend to be carefree, but underneath calculate the cost benefit of every association. You’re so full of complexes you don’t know who you are, while everybody soon reaches the same conclusion, once they have endured your moods and unreliability for long enough.

    ISFJ

    You are charming and persuasive, especially when you want something or you’re out to make a good impression, and particularly with people you don’t know very well. In private you are miserable, bad-tempered and often vicious with your family, since inside your home and round those who know you better, you don’t care whatever you say. You are snappy, crabby and unapproachable, especially first thing in the morning, when you haven’t eaten, or if you’ve just come home from a hard day at the shops. You have a name for nurturing but really, you simply can’t let go.

    ISTJ

    You are unoriginal and typical, believing rules are meant to be followed and that pretty much, no one can do whatever they want. Providing you weren’t expecting company then probably you’re right, but you’ll find many fading in their commitment once they are living in the fallout of such an elemental force. In truth, you wouldn’t tolerate this kind of restrictive behavior yourself from anybody else, so you can’t expect others to take it back from you, either. If you’re ready to go it alone then that’s fine, but for emotional support or reassurance, it’ll always be a case of bringing your own…

    ESFJ

    You like to think you are helpful and performing some kind of service, as you give everyone the benefit of your unwarranted advice. You can’t understand why they say you are moaning, nagging or sticking your nose where it isn’t wanted, as you make unwelcome suggestions on all sorts of things you apparently know nothing about. But for many, even your usual round of bitching is better than having you witter on about your health. For someone who talks so much about leading a healthy lifestyle, it’s weird how often there is some new sickness to complain about…

    ESTJ

    You are naturally cold-hearted so don’t usually need to try, but you still always do your utmost not to let silly feelings or emotions cloud that important issue, your cash. If something serves no material purpose you’ll eliminate it from your life, so Fido is encouraged to play with the traffic once veterinary bills start to figure and Grandma is away to the old folks home once her will is rewritten in your favor. Friends are superfluous unless they pay you, assist your aims or give you something for free. Obviously you don’t have many of them, but then again, why should you care?

    ISFP

    Dopey, Bashful and Sleepy weren’t just three of the seven dwarves, they’re also great descriptions of your frequent and ruinous mood swings. These are plentiful, since as a wet and slippery fish, you regularly change your persona to fit in with present company. At times you are Grumpy, often for no real reason and on occasion you’re Sneezy, since you are prone to allergies and to a spectrum of psychosomatic issues and complaints. Rarely are you Happy, though people often call you the Doc, largely due to the medication necessary to get yourself through each day.

    ISTP

    You enjoy an intense emotional life behind what you believe is your cool and inscrutable facade. However, you are simply going over the same old things, without ever noticeably moving forwards, or getting anything sorted out. Far from appearing calm and collected, others believe you look distinctly dubious, plus they’ve noticed how vengeful you are, how easy it is to upset you and how you always have an issue over something or another. Scorpio links with passion and with sex, but real intimacy looks utterly impossible, when you are this screwed up inside yourself.

    ESFP

    You are the sultan of spin. Your abilities are limited but you’re extremely vocal about them and you never waste a chance to make yourself look talented or clever. Thus you gain advantage over those with more flair but greater modesty and suffer forever after with crippling pangs of insecurity, since you know how tenuous and reliant on bluster your grip on your supposed position plainly is. You are a hypocrite and you don’t practice what you preach. Claiming freedom and equal opportunities, you wouldn’t help anybody you felt afraid, was clearly heaps better than you.

    ESTP

    You think you are the best at everything and you don’t care who you trample in your hurry to show off. You worm your way into a position of trust with a mask of generosity, affability and bumbling incompetence, and it isn’t until too late that others find out for themselves, just how ruthless and naked your ambitions manifestly are. Inside you lack courage and confidence, so you choose limited situations to move in on, where you believe that you can easily shine. After all, it is better being a big fish in a small pond than paddling in the ocean, with your vulnerabilities so apparent.

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  • article list Psychology

    10 Odd Things Donald Trump Has Said and Done

    Published by:

    http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2016/04/02/donald-trump-s-4-hour-sleep-habit-could-explain-his-personality.html

    Whether you are for him or against him, most would agree that Donald Trump is an unusual character with the traits of a good entrepreneur. His unconventional and polarizing rhetoric has earned him popularity but also a reputation wrought with controversy and political incorrectness. He says and does a lot of risky things but as we often see, it tends to work in his favor.

    10. He Insisted It’s an Advantage Being A Black Man

    In an interview from 1989, Trump has stated that he believed a well educated black man actually has an edge in the job market today. He tells the interviewer “I’ve said on occasion, even about myself, if I were starting off today I would love to be a well-educated black because I really believe they do have an actual advantage today.”

    Trump’s remark was likely in reference to affirmative action laws that many would argue forces businesses to seek diversity for diversity’s sake rather than the strength of merit alone. Actor and director Spike Lee later slammed Trump’s comments as “garbage” and “craziness.”




    9. He likes to comment on his daughter’s anatomy.

    In 1994, Donald and his then wife Marla Maples appeared on an episode of “Lifestyles of the Rich and Famous”. When host Robin Leach, asked about the qualities Trump’s newborn daughter Tiffany shared with her parents, Trump responded saying “She’s a very beautiful baby, she’s got Marla’s legs. We don’t know whether or not *puts hands on his chest to indicate breasts* she’s got this part yet, but time will tell.”

    Trump has caught more attention for his off-color commentary about daughter Ivanka in another TV appearance. When asked whether his daughter would ever consider posing for Playboy magazine, he infamously replied, “I don’t think Ivanka would do that inside the magazine, although she does have a very nice figure. I’ve said that if Ivanka weren’t my daughter, perhaps, I would be dating her.”

     

    8. He’s a Germaphobe

    https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/to-your-health/wp/2015/09/04/trump-is-right-shaking-hands-is-a-welcome-mat-for-germs/?utm_term=.721faf527d66

    via washingtonpost.com

    No, he’s not scared of Germans (presumably). But he does apparently have an abiding fear of getting his hands dirty. In his 1997 book, “The Art of the Comeback,” he wrote that shaking hands is “one of the curses of American society. … I happen to be a clean hands freak. I feel much better after I thoroughly wash my hands, which I do as much as possible.”

    His aversion to germs might explain why he doesn’t own any known pets. He could be the first POTUS in 150 years not to have one in the White House.

    7. He sends Pictures of his Hands to people.

    http://people.com/celebrity/donald-trump-sends-vanity-fair-editor-photos-of-his-hands/

    via people.com

    Many would recall the low brow, school-yard insults that were exchanged between Trump and other incumbents at the RNC debates. Marco Rubio’s remarks about Trump’s hand size in particular seemed to have struck a nerve with the Donald. Defending the magnitude of his meathooks is not new to Trump however. Apparently he has been trying to convince an editor at Vanity Fair of his hand girth for the last 25 years.

    Graydon Carter is a journalist who claimed that after writing an article in which he called Trump a “short-fingered vulgarian,” began receiving envelopes in the mail containing photos of Trump with his hands circled in gold sharpie. Also written in gold Sharpie: ‘See, not so short!’ Carter called it “a valiant effort to highlight the length of his fingers.”

    6. Trump Views Excercise As A Waste of Energy

    http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/photos-show-trump-military-garb-dodging-draft-article-1.2298248

    via nydailynews.com

    It might surprise you to know that Trump in his hayday was actually quite athletic. At some point however, Trump apparently decided that athletics and exercise were not a worthwhile use of his time.

    In a book titled “Trump Revealed”, Washington Post writers Michael Kranish and Marc Fisher claimed that Trump thought exercise permanently sapped him of energy. “Trump believed the human body was like a battery, with a finite amount of energy, which exercise only depleted. So he didn’t work out”. Trump reportedly even told a colleague training for an Iron man Triathalon “You are going to die young because of this.”

    5. He’s A Bit Hypocritical About Alcohol.

    Donald Trump has publicly stated that he doesn’t drink, smoke or do drugs and has even put out a message to kids enjoining them to do the same. In interviews he has disclosed that his late brother’s struggle with alcohol heavily influenced his reluctance to use drugs.

    This however, didn’t stop him from trying to profit from those who do. In 2006, Trump launched his own brand of spirit called Trump Vodka with the tagline “success distilled”. His foray into the alcohol industry was not a success though, and the line was discontinued in 2011.  Trump has admitted to the irony of his involvement in the alcohol business telling an interviewer in 2005 “I sort of hated doing it,” and proposed he would “…donate any and all money that I make from alcoholic beverages to Mothers Against Drunk Drivers (MADD) [sic]”.

     

    4. He Seems to Function on Very Little Sleep

    http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2016/04/02/donald-trump-s-4-hour-sleep-habit-could-explain-his-personality.html

    via thedailybeast

    During the 2016 presidential campaign, Trump has made sport of his political competitors with comical insults that often framed them in a pitiable light. Trump would also brag what little sleep he needed (anywhere from 90 minutes to 4 hours according to him) and regularly made a point of comparing his energetic pep and activity levels with that of the other presidential hopefuls. On the campaign trail he once said to a crowd in Illinois, “You know, I’m not a big sleeper. I like three hours, four hours, I toss, I turn, I beep-de-beep, I want to find out what’s going on.”

    If what he is claiming is true, it may be he is of a rare breed of individuals who possess the “efficient sleeper” gene. People who carry it seem to function perfectly on very little sleep without detriment to their health. This may be one of the common character traits of successful entrepreneurs.

    3. He’s Repulsed By Bodily Functions

    During a 2011 deposition, Trump reportedly called a lawyer “disgusting” after she began milking herself in the courtroom (using a breast pump). According to her, Trump immediately lost his bearing, “He got up, his face got red, he shook his finger at me and he screamed, ‘You’re disgusting, you’re disgusting,’ and he ran out of there.”

    Trump’s lactation-intolerance was just a glimpse of his apparently greater distaste for bodily discharge. He called Hillary Clinton’s use of the bathroom “disgusting”, Chris Cristie’s eating habits “disgusting”, Marco Rubio’s fop sweat “disgusting”. At home, he and his wife Melania use separate but equal bathrooms.

     

    2. He Doesn’t Feel His Town’s Big Enough for Two Trumps

    http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/michael-moore-protests-trump-tower-849783

    via hollywoodreporter

    There is little dispute as to the importance of the “Trump” name in the Donald’s business which is largely built on branding. Especially since Trump has earned much of his money through licensing.

    So in 1984 when two South African developers named Eddie and Jules Trump began purchasing real estate around NYC as The Trump Group, Donald saw this as an infringement that could not be allowed to stand. He sought legal action against them but lost the case. He did however succeed in having their trademark revoked in 1988.

    That same year, Trump tried to bring down the legal hammer once again on a different company, who in this case was selling business cards dubbed “Trump Cards”. The two parties eventually struck a deal they were happy with. In exchange for royalties and the rights to the trademark, the company could continue selling the cards and Trump agreed to endorse them.

     

    1. Trump Believes Asbestos Would Have Saved The Twin Towers

    http://www.foxnews.com/story/2001/09/14/asbestos-could-have-saved-wtc-lives.html

    via i.imgur.com

    Since the 1970s, the use of asbestos and asbestos-containing products has been carefully regulated due to it’s carcinogenic health risks. It was once added to flame-retardant sprays used to insulate steel building materials.  Alternative flame-proofing materials are available but in Trump’s opinion,
    asbestos is “the greatest fire-proofing material ever used.”

    In 2012 he tweeted, “If we didn’t remove incredibly powerful fire retardant asbestos & replace it with junk that doesn’t work, the World Trade Center would never have burned down.” He has even gone so far as claiming that the hysteria over asbestos has been propaganda generated by the mafia, stating that it was often mob-related companies that would handle the asbestos removal.

     

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  • article mbti list Myers Briggs

    How Each Myers Briggs Type Sabotages Themselves

    Published by:

    http://thesamelie.deviantart.com/art/The-Long-Road-478441979
    http://thesamelie.deviantart.com/art/The-Long-Road-478441979

    “The Long Road” by caitlin-may

    INTP + ISTP


    SOCIAL SUICIDE


    The anxiety, awkwardness and rejection they’ve  experienced socially can drive the INTP/ISTP away from people causing them to miss out on opportunities to form meaningful connections with others. Their past embarrassments and moments of ineptitude may burrow deep into their psyche and lead the INTP/ISTP to capitulate and simply embrace their interpersonal inadequacy as part of the hand of cards they’ve been dealt. Unfortunately, when the INTP/ISTP eventually meets people who truly appreciate them for who they are they may have difficulty relinquishing the safety of their emotional isolationism. They may fear opening themselves up to a great relationship because they have wired themselves to anticipate disappointment.




    INTJ + INFJ


    Not Being in the Moment


    INTJs and INFJs are often so preoccupied with their personal goals and agenda that they tend to forget to stop and smell the roses and appreciate the moment. INTJ/INFJs are very future oriented often due to their malcontent with their current circumstances. They can spend a vast amount of time inside their heads pondering and planning the next project or experiment and focused on taking the next step in the progression of some larger scheme. As a result, the beauty of the fleeting present moments often go unnoticed or ignored while in pursuit of their goals. Down the road, the INTJ/INFJ may look back and wish they enjoyed the journey a little more.





    ENTP + ENFP


     Reinventing the wheel


    ENTPs and ENFPs are wantonly irreverent of tradition and stodgy customs. They may dismiss established modalities and systems for the sake of finding their own way of doing things. This may cause them to needlessly reinvent something that’s already existing or readily available even if is “old”. It is advantageous to learn from and embrace the useful bits from the past. Rather than disregard long standing traditions in wholesale as part of an obsolescent monolith, ENTP/ENFPs ought to examine their value and utilize them when it makes sense.




    ENTJ + ESTJ


    REFUSING TO BE HELPED


    ENTJs and ESTJs prize personal strength, independence and self reliance. They do not actively seek help from others because they believe in themselves and also they want to feel empowered and in control as much as possible. As a leader of a a team, they have no problem delegating and appropriating resources in the form of people to accomplish a group task. However in their personal lives, ENTJ/ESTJs prefer not to receive outside assistance with areas in which they may be struggling. They may not even acknowledge that they have a problem and may resist intervention by others who care about them.




    INFP + ISFP


    Procrastination


    When it comes to self-sabotage, procrastination is king. Why? Because procrastination is the gap between intention and action, and it is in this gap that the self operates. The undermining behavior lies in not closing the gap. INFP/ISFPs make an intention to act, but when the time comes, get lost in their own deliberation, making excuses to justify an unnecessary and potentially harmful delay.  They want to be organized and efficient, but are totally disorganized. INFP/ISFPs hate schedules and trying to keep to them wears them out. They can see that things are not working but don’t know how to fix them and get angry at themselves for being so disorganized.




    ENFJ + ESFJ


    SABOTAGING RELATIONSHIPS


    ENFJ/ESFJs have difficulty in being objective and developing a consistent standard unhampered by petty social allegiances. Their lack of internal self knowledge and self awareness opens them up to behaviors such as jealousy, possessiveness, emotional manipulation, neediness, violence and so forth.  They want to objectively understand other people, but discussing them in impersonal terms makes ENFJ/ESFJs feel uneasy and cold. They hate using impersonal logic or leverage against others. They want to ensure that they do things “right,” and must learn to step back from other people and situations and analyze them freely, without feeling like a traitor.




    ISFJ + ISTJ


    Reluctance to Try New Things


    ISFJ/ISTJs don’t like discussing things that have nothing to do with reality. They want to know that the conversation is going to accomplish something before they engage in it or they will become frustrated. Sometimes, they get a sense of what is going on between other people and are later proven right, but they are not always sure at the time that what they are picking up on is the truth. It can be difficult for ISFJ/ISTJs to make decisions that will impact the future, because they’re not sure what that future looks like … any of sixteen things might happen. They shy away from long-term commitments unless they feel absolutely safe; otherwise, they’re inclined to worry about what might happen. They can be impulsive once in awhile and others at times comment on how naive some of their belief systems are.




    ESFP + ESTP


    Not Planning Ahead

    ESFP/ESTPs thrive on action and getting immediate results. They are confident in their ability to adapt and respond to whatever life throws at them and as a result, they do not often concern themselves with long term planning. Their lack of patience seeks instant gratification and they are excellent improvisers but they may become suddenly discomfited by obstacles that they failed to anticipate or prepare for. They kind of hate introspecting, it seems a dangerous enterprise.  They prefer things that are symbolic or archetypal… and they come up with some crackpot theories at times with a tendency to be a little superstitious.






     

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  • article INTP ISTP Myers Briggs Reblogged

    INTP/ISTP Inferior Fe Subtypes | mbti-info

    Published by:

    via deviantart

    INFERIOR FE SUBTYPES

    mbti-info:

    1) the confidently eccentric inferior Fe: You maybe used to care what people think about you, but you don’t anymore. And even if you did, they probably wouldn’t like you anyway. You might as well be as weird as you want. Social skills- why bother.

    2) the quintessential nerd/gamer/goth/anime freak/computer geek: A lot of people consider themselves to be these things, but for you it’s an identity and a way of fitting in to compensate for not being able to fit in with normal people. You’ve found your niche, and you see no need to get out of your comfort zone. Social skills? I’ll socialize with people like me.

    3) the sociopath: Fe? Fi? Who needs feeling? Feeling is for the weak. Morals and ethics are completely irrelevant. All I need is cold, calculated logic, and with it I will rule the world.

    4) the brainiac philosopher: Knowledge is everything. Thinking is your hobby. You have an argument for everything, and will argue with anyone at any time over anything at all. You will frequently play the devil’s advocate and even argue something you don’t believe just to be a smart ass. Social skills are irrelevant, since most people aren’t intelligent enough to have a conversation with anyway. It’s not that you use Fe inappropriately perse, you just kind of ignore it in favor of thinking about how smart you are. Now if only you could take to heart what Socrates said about the wise man knowing that he knows nothing…

    5) the stalker inferior Fe: Inside you don’t really think anyone should like you, and you’ve probably had no friends for most of your life. So if someone shows any interest in you, you latch onto them like a leech. They are your New Best Friend or your love obsession. You secretly crave attention and human connection so much that it’s like a drug, and you think if this person were to leave you, you wouldn’t find anyone else who likes you for a long time; so this person must be special, since they actually pay attention to you. Try raising your self esteem, and getting out of your comfort zone to develop some social skills.

    6) the emotional inferior Fe: You are very concerned with what people think of you, and are sensitive to rejection. In fact, you are sensitive to a lot of things. You don’t really know how to deal with emotions, and they burst out of you inappropriately. You often get mistaken for a feeling type. You really want people to like you. You’re trying to develop social skills, but you overcompensate.

    7) the righteously indignant inferior Fe: You’ve been treated unfairly, and you’re going to say something about it. So have your peers, and you will defend them. In fact, you are a member of several oppressed minorities. You see it as your job to fight societal injustice and live as uniquely as you want. You are very rebellious and argumentative, and kind of naively idealistic. You also sometimes get mistaken for a feeling type. You have developed Fe in service to your beliefs, but your social skills are variable.

    8) the pothead: I dunno, man. It’s all good. Life is mysterious and complex. Take it easy. Get laid. Your Fe doesn’t really cause you problems, but you’ve kind of dulled your Ti with all the pot you’ve smoked. Which can turn out to be a good thing, because you’ve learned to relax and not over think everything. You actually seem human. You probably have excellent social skills.

    9) the cute and perky inferior Fe: You happen to have a charming personality and a great sense of humor. You like people, and want to be popular. You are mostly cute because of your lack of social skills. Maybe when you were younger people used to make fun of you, but you would always just laugh along with them, and pretty soon they liked you. When you make a social blunder, you do it in a cute and funny way. After all, taking life seriously leads to suffering. Occasionally you are mistaken for an extrovert, even though you might actually be very shy. Most people like you.

    10) the healthy and functional, well developed inferior Fe: You have learned how to develop your Fe over the years. You can convince most people that you are actually normal. You have a lot of friends, and most people like you. You’ve learned how to balance your intellect with your intuition, and are in touch with your emotions. You are able to effectively use whichever judging function a situation calls for. You have a comfortable sense of values and ethics, and under your detached exterior, you have a heart. Good job!

    source: personality cafe

    source: http://mbti-info.tumblr.com/

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